Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2020 Population
180,695
0.125% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
36.3
0.554% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
5.66%
0.512% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$111,405
1.83% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$386,700
1.66% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD had a population of 181k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $111,405. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew from 180,469 to 180,695, a 0.125% increase and its median household income grew from $109,401 to $111,405, a 1.83% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (46.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (24.2%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (16.4%), White (Hispanic) (4.78%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.03%).

26.3% of the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

91.5% of the residents in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia (396 degrees awarded in 2020) and Paul Mitchell the School-Jessup (68 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was $386,700, and the homeownership rate was 67.4%.

Most people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is home to a population of 181k people, from which 91.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 21.4% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents were born outside of the country (38.7k people).

In 2020, there were 1.92 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.1k people) in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 43.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 29.7k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Spanish (10,168 households), Korean (4,879 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (4,312 households).

Citizenship

91.5%
2020 Citizenship
90.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 91.5% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 90.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    84.1k ± 2.04k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    43.7k ± 1.71k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    29.7k ± 1.32k
8.04%
Hispanic Population
14.5k people

In 2020, there were 1.92 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.1k people) in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 43.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 29.7k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.04% of the people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are hispanic (14.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

21.4%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
38.7k people
22.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
40.9k people

As of 2020, 21.4% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents (38.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 22.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    10,168 households (6.04%)
  2. Korean
    4,879 households (2.9%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    4,312 households (2.56%)

26.3% of the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Spanish. 6.04% of the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,356 ± 513
  2. Vietnam
    2,243 ± 308
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,941 ± 373

Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD employs 94.2k people. The largest industries in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Elementary & secondary schools (6,512 people), Computer Systems Design (5,800 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,683 people), and the highest paying industries are Lumber & other construction materials merchant wholesalers ($212,747), Wired telecommunications carriers ($143,725), and Investigation & security services ($139,324).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
47,723
Women
50.7%
46,438
Men
49.3%

The workforce of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD in 2020 was 94,161 people, with 50.7% woman, and 49.3% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

94.2k
2020 Value
−0.592%
1 Year decline
± −0.592%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD declined at a rate of −0.592%, from 94.7k employees to 94.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, are Other managers (4,045 people), Software developers (3,450 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (3,002 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

94.2k
2020 Value
−0.592%
1 Year decline
± −0.592%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD declined at a rate of −0.592%, from 94.7k employees to 94.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,512 people), Computer Systems Design (5,800 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,683 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, though some of these residents may live in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$77,290
Median earning men ± $3,754
$52,312
Median earning women ± $2,242

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($107,312), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($101,893), and Manufacturing ($96,763).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($94,505), Information ($70,345), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($69,045).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $29.2B
  2. $23.2B
  3. $20.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $29.2B, followed by Mixed freight ($23.2B) and Electronics ($20.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland.
$217B
2020 Value in Maryland
$445B
Projected 2050 Value in Maryland
105% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maryland trade was $217B. This is expected to increase 105% to $445B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.2B
  2. $18.1B
  3. $10.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $21.2B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.1B and New York and $10.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD awarded 464 degrees. The student population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD in 2020 is skewed towards men, with 793 male students and 215 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Black or African American (238 and 51.3%), followed by White (110 and 23.7%), Hispanic or Latino (71 and 15.3%), and Asian (17 and 3.66%).

The largest universities in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD by number of degrees awarded are Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia (396 and 85.3%) and Paul Mitchell the School-Jessup (68 and 14.7%).

The most popular majors in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are HVAC & Refrigeration Engineering Technology (159 and 34.3%), Automobile Mechanics Technology (141 and 30.4%), and Electrician (72 and 15.5%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2020, 0.79% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.87% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD in 2020 were Bachelors Degree (36.2k), Graduate Degree (35.7k), and Some college (25.1k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was $386,700 in 2020, which is 1.68 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $380,400 to $386,700, a 1.66% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is 67.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have an average commute time of 29.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is $111,405. In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $157,809, followed by Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD and Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD, with respective values of $145,528 and $144,058.

Property

$386,700
Median Property Value 2020
±$4,764
$44,361
Median Property Taxes
±$1,309

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%
Homeownership
2020
69.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 67.4% of the housing units in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $157,809, followed by Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD and Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD, with respective values of $145,528 and $144,058.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$111,405
Median Household Income
± $3,291
65.8k
Number of Households
± 2,008

In 2020, the median household income of the 65.8k households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew to $111,405 from the previous year's value of $109,401.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

0.416
2020 Wage GINI in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
0.421
2019 Wage GINI in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD

In 2020, the income inequality in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 0.416 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.02% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (81.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.32%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.97%)

In 2018, 81.4% of workers in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.32%) and those who worked at home (4.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

29.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have a longer commute time (29.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 3.27% of the workforce in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

5.66% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD (10.1k out of 179k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is Black, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

95.8% of the population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD has health coverage, with 62% on employee plans, 11.4% on Medicaid, 8.13% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 1.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1129 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1141 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1259 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 364 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
1,129 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Maryland

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,129 patients per year. This represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1,141 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.4% under 18 years, 20.6% between 18 and 34 years, 40.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.18%
Uninsured
62%
Employer Coverage
11.4%
Medicaid
8.13%
Medicare
12.8%
Non-Group
1.53%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD declined by 9.64% from 4.63% to 4.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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